An emerging body of literature studies inequality in political influence between socioeconomic groups. This work usually finds that poorer citizens appear to exert lower political influence than richer citizens. Most of these studies have focused on formal, national-level policies, mainly in Western countries. How politically unequal are countries outside Europe and the US? What factors drive political inequality in these countries? And how much political inequality is there in the distribution of resources at the local level? We study these questions in a DFG-funded project on Unequal Democracy in Brazil and South Africa and in a project on local level inequality in German municipalities.